Leek

Bundle of Fresh Leeks - Closeup of some fresh Leeks with the white bulb and roots

Although garden leek is used as a vegetable all over the world, it’s not well known for its beneficial properties for human health.

Characteristics

Scientific name
Allium porum.

Plant family
Liliaceae.

Used plant parts
Leaf & stem.

Harvest period
October to February.

Medicinal properties

Main use: Appetite.

Healing effects

        • Loss of appetite
        • Bowel inflammation
        • Spring fever
        • Ulcers
        • Gout
        • Lumbago
        • Cough
        • Insect bites
        • Inflammation of the stomach
        • Diuretic
        • Expectorant

Application methods

        • Orally
        • Topically

 

Leek (Wikipedia)
Leek
Leeks.JPG
GenusAllium
SpeciesAllium ampeloprasum L.
Cultivar groupLeek Group (other names are used, e.g. Porrum Group)
CultivarMany, see text
Raw leeks, bulb & lower leaves
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy255 kJ (61 kcal)
14.15 g
Sugars3.9 g
Dietary fiber1.8 g
0.3 g
1.5 g
VitaminsQuantity %DV
Vitamin A equiv.
10%
83 μg
9%
1000 μg
1900 μg
Thiamine (B1)
5%
0.06 mg
Riboflavin (B2)
3%
0.03 mg
Niacin (B3)
3%
0.4 mg
Pantothenic acid (B5)
3%
0.14 mg
Vitamin B6
18%
0.233 mg
Folate (B9)
16%
64 μg
Vitamin C
14%
12 mg
Vitamin E
6%
0.92 mg
Vitamin K
45%
47 μg
MineralsQuantity %DV
Calcium
6%
59 mg
Iron
16%
2.1 mg
Magnesium
8%
28 mg
Manganese
23%
0.481 mg
Phosphorus
5%
35 mg
Potassium
4%
180 mg
Other constituentsQuantity
Water83 g

Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA FoodData Central

The leek is a vegetable, a cultivar of Allium ampeloprasum, the broadleaf wild leek. The edible part of the plant is a bundle of leaf sheaths that is sometimes erroneously called a stem or stalk. The genus Allium also contains the onion, garlic, shallot, scallion, chive, and Chinese onion. Three closely related vegetables, elephant garlic, kurrat and Persian leek or tareh, are also cultivars of A. ampeloprasum, although different in their uses as food.

Leek (Wiktionary)

English

Etymology

From Middle English leke, leek, lek, from Old English lēac (a garden herb, leek, onion, garlic), from Proto-Germanic *lauką *laukaz (leek, onion), from Proto-Indo-European *lewg- (to bend).

Cognate with Dutch look (garlic, leek), Low German look, Look, German Lauch (

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