V. × wittrockiana
The garden pansy (Viola × wittrockiana) is a type of large-flowered hybrid plant cultivated as a garden flower. It is derived by hybridization from several species in the section Melanium ("the pansies") of the genus Viola, particularly Viola tricolor, a wildflower of Europe and western Asia known as heartsease. It is sometimes known as Viola tricolor var. hortensis, but this scientific name is ambiguous. While Viola tricolor var. hortensis Groenland & Rümpler is a synonym of Viola × wittrockiana, Viola tricolor var. hortensis DC. refers to a horticultural variety of wild pansy (Viola tricolor without interspecific hybridization) that had been illustrated in Flora Danica in 1777 before the existence of Viola × wittrockiana.
The chromosome number of Viola × wittrockiana is 2n = 44–52, with most cultivars being 2n = 48. The flower is 5 to 8 centimetres (2 to 3 in) in diameter and has two slightly overlapping upper petals, two side petals, and a single bottom petal with a slight beard emanating from the flower's center. These petals are usually white or yellow, purplish, or blue. The plant may grow to 23 cm (9 in) in height, and prefers sun to varying degrees and well-draining soils.
From Middle French pensée (“thought”), as the plant resembles someone that is in deep thought, with a lowered head.
- IPA(key): /ˈpæn.zi/
pansy (plural pansies)
- A cultivated flowering plant, derived by hybridization within species Viola tricolor.
- A deep purple colour, like that of the pansy.
- Any of various nymphalid butterflies of the genus Junonia. Also called arguses.
- (derogatory, colloquial, dated) A male homosexual, especially one who is effeminate.
- (derogatory, colloquial) A timid, weak man or boy; a wuss.