Sandalwood

indian sandalwood, santalum album, berries

Santalum album

Synonyms:
Chandan, Tan Xiang
Santalum_album (Wikipedia)

Santalum album
Santalum album - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen-128.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Order:Santalales
Family:Santalaceae
Genus:Santalum
Species:
S. album
Binomial name
Santalum album

Santalum album, or Indian sandalwood, is a small tropical tree, and the traditional source of sandalwood oil. It is native to southern India and Southeast Asia. It is considered sacred in some religions, and some cultures place great significance on its fragrant and medicinal qualities. However, the high value of the species has caused over-exploitation, to the point where the wild population is vulnerable to extinction. Indian sandalwood still commands high prices for its essential oil owing to its high alpha santalol content, but due to lack of sizable trees it is no longer used for fine woodworking as before. The plant is long-lived, but harvest is only viable after many years.

Sandalwood (Wiktionary)

English

Etymology

sandal +‎ wood

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈsandəlwʊd/

Noun

sandalwood (countable and uncountable, plural sandalwoods)

  1. Any of various tropical trees of the genus Santalum, native or long naturalized in India, Australia, Hawaii, and many south Pacific islands.
  2. The aromatic heartwood of these trees used in ornamental carving, in the construction of insect-repellent boxes and chests, and as a source of certain perfumes.

Derived terms

  • Indian sandalwood
  • Sandalwood

Translations

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