Vitex

Vitex agnus-castus  close up
Synonyms:
Chasteberry, Chaste Tree
Categories: Plants
Vitex_agnus-castus (Wikipedia)

Vitex agnus-castus
Vitex agnus-castus 1.JPG
General form of a blossoming adult Vitex agnus-castus
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Asterids
Order:Lamiales
Family:Lamiaceae
Genus:Vitex
Species:
V. agnus-castus
Binomial name
Vitex agnus-castus

Vitex agnus-castus, also called vitex, chaste tree (or chastetree), chasteberry, Abraham's balm, lilac chastetree, or monk's pepper, is a native of the Mediterranean region. It is one of the few temperate-zone species of Vitex, which is on the whole a genus of tropical and sub-tropical flowering plants. Theophrastus mentioned the shrub several times, as agnos (άγνος) in Enquiry into Plants. It has been long believed to be an anaphrodisiac – leading to its name as chaste tree – but its effectiveness for such action remains unproven.

Vitex is a cross-pollinating plant, but its self-pollination has been recorded.

Vitex (Wiktionary)

English

Etymology

From the genus name Vitex, from Latin vītex.

Noun

vitex (usually uncountable, plural vitexes)

  1. Any of several species of the genus Vitex.
  2. Especially, Vitex rotundifolia, native to Pacific seashores in Asia and Oceania, widely introduced in similar environments.

Synonyms

  • (Vitex rotundifolia): beach vitex

References

  • vitex on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • Vitex rotundifolia on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • Vitex rotundifolia on Wikispecies.Wikispecies
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