Watermelon

watermelone

citrullus lanatus

Synonyms:
Kalahari
Watermelon (Wikipedia)

Watermelon
Taiwan 2009 Tainan City Organic Farm Watermelon FRD 7962.jpg
Watermelon
Watermelon cross BNC.jpg
Watermelon cross section
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Rosids
Order:Cucurbitales
Family:Cucurbitaceae
Genus:Citrullus
Species:
C. lanatus
Binomial name
Citrullus lanatus
Synonyms
List
    • Anguria citrullus Mill.
    • Citrullus amarus Schrad.
    • Citrullus anguria (Duchesne) H.Hara
    • Citrullus aquosus Schur
    • Citrullus battich Forssk.
    • Citrullus caffer Schrad.
    • Citrullus caffrorum Schrad.
    • Citrullus chodospermus Falc. & Dunal
    • Citrullus citrullus H.Karst.
    • Citrullus citrullus Small
    • Citrullus edulis Spach
    • Citrullus edulis Pangalo nom. illeg.
    • Citrullus mucosospermus (Fursa) Fursa
    • Citrullus pasteca Sageret
    • Citrullus vulgaris Schrad.
    • Colocynthis amarissima Schrad. nom. inval.
    • Colocynthis amarissima Schltdl.
    • Colocynthis citrullus (L.) Kuntze
    • Colocynthis citrullus Fritsch
    • Cucumis amarissimus Schrad.
    • Cucumis citrullus (L.) Ser.
    • Cucumis dissectus Decne.
    • Cucumis edulis Steud. nom. inval.
    • Cucumis laciniosus Eckl. ex Steud.
    • Cucumis laciniosus Eckl. ex Schrad.
    • Cucumis vulgaris (Schrad.) E.H.L.Krause
    • Cucurbita anguria Duchesne
    • Cucurbita caffra Eckl. & Zeyh.
    • Cucurbita citrullus L.
    • Cucurbita gigantea Salisb.
    • Cucurbita pinnatifida Schrank
    • Momordica lanata Thunb.
A tsamma in the Kalahari Desert
Naturalized in Australia

Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) is a flowering plant species of the Cucurbitaceae family. A scrambling and trailing vine-like plant, it was originally domesticated in Africa. It is a highly cultivated fruit worldwide, with more than 1,000 varieties.

Wild watermelon seeds have been found in the prehistoric Libyan site of Uan Muhuggiag. There is also evidence from seeds in Pharaoh tombs of watermelon cultivation in Ancient Egypt.

Watermelon is grown in favorable climates from tropical to temperate regions worldwide for its large edible fruit, which is a berry with a hard rind and no internal divisions, and is botanically called a pepo. The sweet, juicy flesh is usually deep red to pink, with many black seeds, although seedless varieties exist. The fruit can be eaten raw or pickled, and the rind is edible after cooking. It may also be consumed as a juice or as an ingredient in mixed beverages.

Considerable breeding effort has developed disease-resistant varieties. Many cultivars are available that produce mature fruit within 100 days of planting. In 2017, China produced about two-thirds of the world total of watermelons.

Watermelon (Wiktionary)

English

Etymology

From the 1610s, a compound of water +‎ melon.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈwɔːtəˌmɛlən/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈwɔtəɹˌmɛlən/

Noun

watermelon (countable and uncountable, plural watermelons)

  1. A plant of the species Citrullus lanatus, bearing a melon-like fruit.
  2. The fruit of the watermelon plant, having a green rind and watery flesh that is typically bright red when ripe and contains black pips.
  3. (derogatory, slang) An environmentalist with socialist leanings (from the similarity to the fruit, being green on the outside, and red (Communist) on the inside).
  4. A pinkish-red colour
...
« Back to Glossary Index
Previous articleMandarin
Next articlePrickly Pear