Wild Leek

leek, blossom, allium ampeloprasum

When the field is full of wild leek flowers in July and August, it bears beautiful purple spherical flowers. Wild leek is always found in sunny places. Its healing properties are similar to those of garlic and vegetable leek.

Plant description

The wild leek is only rarely found. In July and August the wild leek shoots a long stem on which a spherical violet flower grows. Wild leek mainly bears these flowers, which then form seeds at the end of August. Some subspecies of wild leek have breeding bulbs instead of flowers. These bulbs grow to such a size that it is worth soaking them in vinegar.

Also the vegetable leek, which is a wet winter vegetable in Central Europe, is said to have been bred from the wild leek, as well as the Egyptian leek, also called curry.

Characteristics

Scientific name
Allium ampeloprasum.

Plant family
Liliaceae.

Other name
Broadleaf wild leek.

Used plant parts
Tubers, Flower & Herb (Leaf).

Ingredients
Ascorbic acid, asparagine, potassium, linolenic acid, oxalic acid, pectin, polyphenols, saponins, sulphur, umbelliferone, zinc.

Harvest period – tubers
Late autumn to spring.

Medicinal properties

Main use: Metabolism.

Healing effects

        • Antibacterial
        • Diuretic
        • Antispasmodic
        • Expectorant
        • Sweetener
        • Tonifying
        • Asthma
        • Fever
        • Insect bites
        • Stomach weakness
        • Arteriosclerosis
        • Vaginitis

Application methods

        • Orally
        • Topically

Forms of preparation

The use of wild leek tubers is similar to that of garlic and onions. However, its effect is milder than the garlic effect. It is really good to eat wild leek as vegetable regularly, it is a pure source of youth. The wild leek juice can be used externally and internally. To do this, cut the bulb into small cubes, chop it up and press it through a cloth.

External uses

Against insect bites
It is also possible to slice or mash the tubers of wild leek into a pulp and apply it to insect droppings. Even wasp and bee stings in places that tend to swell do not swell or swell much less and soon stop hurting.

Internal uses

Promotes metabolism
Taken internally regularly, wild leek juice promotes digestion, stimulates the metabolism and prevents arteriosclerosis. Field garlic therefore also indirectly prevents heart attacks and strokes.

Vaginitis
For vaginal inflammation you can try the external application of fresh field garlic juice.

Food
The tubers that grow to between two and six centimetres are the ones that are eaten. Their aroma is mildly garlic-like. They can be eaten raw or cooked, similar to onions or garlic. You can also eat the flowers. However, they are rather dry and are mainly suitable as a sparingly used spice. In any form, the consumption of wild leek stimulates the metabolism and helps against arteriosclerosis. Wild Leek Salt is also famous in cooking.

Cultivation tips

Wild leek is undemanding in terms of soil quality, but it loves full sun. Its flower stalk grows up to two metres high.

 

Wild leek
A.ampeloprasum 1.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Monocots
Order:Asparagales
Family:Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily:Allioideae
Genus:Allium
Species:
A. ampeloprasum
Binomial name
Allium ampeloprasum
Synonyms
Species synonymy
  • Allium adscendens Kunth
  • Allium albescens Guss.
  • Allium ampeloprasum var. babingtonii (Borrer) Syme
  • Allium ampeloprasum var. bertolonii (De Not.) Nyman
  • Allium ampeloprasum var. bulbiferum Syme
  • Allium ampeloprasum var. bulgaricum Podp.
  • Allium ampeloprasum var. caudatum Pamp.
  • Allium ampeloprasum subsp. euampeloprasum Hayek
  • Allium ampeloprasum var. gasparrinii (Guss.) Nyman
  • Allium ampeloprasum var. gracile Cavara
  • Allium ampeloprasum subsp. halleri Nyman
  • Allium ampeloprasum var. holmense Asch. & Graebn.
  • Allium ampeloprasum f. holmense (Asch. & Graebn.) Holmboe
  • Allium ampeloprasum subsp. porrum (L.) Hayek
  • Allium ampeloprasum var. porrum (L.) J.Gay
  • Allium ampeloprasum var. pylium (De Not.) Asch. & Graebn.
  • Allium ampeloprasum subsp. thessalum (Boiss.) Nyman
  • Allium ampeloprasum var. wiedemannii Regel
  • Allium ascendens Ten.
  • Allium babingtonii Borrer
  • Allium bertolonii De Not.
  • Allium byzantinum K.Koch
  • Allium duriaeanum Regel
  • Allium durieuanum Walp.
  • Allium gasparrinii Guss.
  • Allium halleri G.Don
  • Allium holmense Mill. ex Kunth
  • Allium kurrat Schweinf. ex K.Krause
  • Allium laetum Salisb.
  • Allium lineare Mill.
  • Allium porraceum Gray
  • Allium porrum L.
  • Allium porrum var. ampeloprasum (L.) Mirb.
  • Allium porrum subsp. euampeloprasum Breistr.
  • Allium porrum var. kurrat (Schweinf. ex K.Krause) Seregin
  • Allium pylium De Not.
  • Allium scopulicola Font Quer
  • Allium scorodoprasum subsp. babingtonii (Borrer) Nyman
  • Allium spectabile De Not.
  • Allium syriacum Boiss.
  • Allium thessalum Boiss.
  • Porrum amethystinum Rchb.
  • Porrum ampeloprasum (L.) Mill.
  • Porrum commune Rchb.
  • Porrum sativum Mill.

Allium ampeloprasum is a member of the onion genus Allium. The wild plant is commonly known as wild leek or broadleaf wild leek. Its native range is southern Europe to western Asia, but it is cultivated in many other places and has become naturalized in many countries.

Allium ampeloprasum is regarded as native to all the countries bordering on the Black, Adriatic, and Mediterranean Seas from Portugal to Egypt to Romania. In Russia and Ukraine, it is considered invasive except in Crimea, where it is native. It is also native to Ethiopia, Uzbekistan, Iran and Iraq. It is considered naturalized in the United Kingdom, Ireland, the Czech Republic, the Baltic States, Belarus, the Azores, Madeira, the Canary Islands, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Pakistan, China, Australia (all states except Queensland and Tasmania), Mexico, the Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, Haiti, the United States (southeastern region plus California, New York State, Ohio and Illinois), Galápagos, and Argentina. In tidewater Virginia, where it is commonly known as the "Yorktown onion", it is protected by law in York County.

The species may have been introduced to Britain by prehistoric people, where its habitat consists of rocky places near the coast in south-west England and Wales.

Allium ampeloprasum has been differentiated into five cultivated vegetables, namely leek, elephant garlic, pearl onion, kurrat, and Persian leek.

Wild populations produce bulbs up to 3 cm across. Scapes are round in cross-section, each up to 180 cm tall, bearing an umbel of as many as 500 flowers. Flowers are urn-shaped, up to 6 mm across; tepals white, pink or red; anthers yellow or purple; pollen yellow.

Wild Leek (Wiktionary)

English

Noun

wild leek (plural wild leeks)

  1. (US) A perennial wild onion native to eastern North America, Allium tricoccum, with a cluster of ovoid bulbs and large oblong elliptical leaves.
  2. A wild onion native to southern Europe and western Asia, cultivated and consequently naturalized in many other places, Allium ampeloprasum.

Synonyms

  • (A. tricoccum): ramp, ramps, spring onion, ramson, wood leek, wild garlic
  • (A. ampeloprasum): broadleaf wild leek

Translations

References

Allium tricoccum
  • Allium tricoccum
...
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