The Sphincter of Oddi, named after Ruggero Oddi, an Italian anatomist who described this arrangement in 1887, is the muscle valve which regulates the flow of bile and pancreatic juice into the duodenum (beginning of the small intestine). Regulation of the Sphincter of Oddi is accomplished via the nervous system and the bloodstream by special messengers- digestive hormones.

Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction

If there’s not any food in the intestine, the Sphincter of Oddi valve stays closed. Bile is kept in the gallbladder and pancreatic juice is kept in the pancreas. Spasms or blockage of the valve can lead to bile and pancreatic juice to back up.

If a very small quantity of bile gets to the pancreatic duct, serious trouble can ensue. Bile can trigger digestive enzymes within the pancreas and these enzymes begin to digest their own pancreatic tissues, causing pain, congestion, inflammation and even the death of pancreatic tissue. This is known as pancreatitis.

The blockages of the Sphincter of Oddi by tumors, big gallbladder stones, or discoloration following menopause, certainly require surgery. The number of people with these issues is relatively small, but countless Americans suffer from occasional transient spasms of the Sphincter of Oddi with pain, nausea and bloating.

In most situations, their evaluations are normal and these individuals become tagged with acid reflux disease, Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), stomach flu, food poisoning or other diseases.

Many of these persons have type III Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction (SOD). According to data information, the incidence of Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction from the overall population is 1.5%. A lack of appropriate treatment of Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction can later cause serious complications such as pancreatitis and gallbladder inflammation.

Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction can affect children, women after age 40, overweight individuals and individuals after abdominal surgeries. For instance, statistics show that nearly 20percent of people with pain after gallbladder removal possess the Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction.

Why does the Sphincter of Oddi become spasmodic?

The answer is dependent upon several reasons if we place into consideration the very complicated regulation of the sphincter from the nervous system and special blood messengers – digestive hormones. Here are a few examples of what can make the Sphincter of Oddi spasm:

Stress, depression and anxiety; poor eating habits such as”eating on the go”, eating while watching tv, intermittent diets, dieting, fasting and incorrect combinations of foods like mixing fatty foods with starches and sugars; drugs, some medication, alcohol and nicotine; harsh, intensive and repetitive”liver cleansing”; hormonal imbalance such as reduced thyroid function or menopause; “aggressive” acidic bile with sand, sludge, gallbladder stones and much more.

Usually we could see combinations of these factors in predisposed people with obese problems, sedentary lifestyles and stress for extended intervals.

Symptoms of Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction

The most common and notable symptom of Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction is upper abdominal pain. This is frequently experienced as a sharp pain in the center of the abdomen right under the rib cage. Pain can be acute in nature, bring people to the hospital and need pain medication. But in many cases, pain may be mild and usually doesn’t need painkillers. Symptoms of Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction are split as biliary pain and pancreatic pain.

Symptoms of Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction Biliary Abdominal Pain contain: Biliary pain felt at the center or right portion of the upper abdomen; pain radiating on the back at the lower point of the scapula or shoulder; pain followed frequently by nausea, bloating and vomiting; pain precipitated by greasy alcohol or food consumption; pain varying in strength and lasting anywhere from 15 minutes to 4-5 hours.

Symptoms of Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction Pancreatic Abdominal Pain contain:

      • Pain radiating directly through the abdomen to the back.
      • Pain followed frequently by nausea, bloating, and vomiting.
      • Pain situated in the upper abdomen on the left or right side.
      • Pain precipitated by incorrect food mixtures of protein/fat/starch/sugar or ingestion of alcohol.

Alternative Medicine

Non-medication holistic approaches could be helpful. Holistic remedies for curing of those Sphincter Oddi Dysfunction Type III are widely utilised in many countries across the world.

The recovery application of this Sphincter Oddi Dysfunction type III may involve a few activities: Healing Customized Diet; Drinking healing mineral water prepared from real Karlovy Vary spring salt; Whole Body Cleansing through the Restoration of Friendly Intestinal Flora and Colon Hydrotherapy; Anti-Candida Program; Acupuncture; Herbal Medicine; Nutritional Supplementation; Chiropractic Manipulations; Visceral Massage; Relaxation, Meditation, Hypnosis, Custom Hypnosis CDs.

Healing sessions of holistic and alternative medicine can be used separately or as complementary approaches to conventional medicine.